Archtober Building of the Day #30: The Battery

The Battery
Battery Place and State Street
New York, NY
Quennell Rothschild & Partners

© Center for Architecture

© Center for Architecture

On today’s Building of the Day tour, Beth Franz, RLA of Quennell Rothschild & Partners walked us through the past, present, and future of The Battery. The Battery is built of the site of what was once Fort Amsterdam, later renamed Fort George once the British took over. One of the first things Franz pointed out to us is an original stone placed at what was the corner of the fort. During the redesign – a collaboration between QRP, Starr Whitehouse and WXY architecture + urban design with the Battery Conservancy and the Parks Department as clients – QRP decided to completely expose the stone, which made it vulnerable to damage, but it enabled visitors to the park to have a connection to the old fort.

© Center for Architecture

© Center for Architecture

We then walked to Castle Clinton, passing by The Battery Oval. The two-acre site acts as a connection from the main entrance to the park at Battery Place and State Street to Castle Clinton. During the Robert Moses era, this portion of the park was a two-lane pathway, mostly devoid of greenery. The oval is mounded, which helps it to act as an amphitheater and inside the oval, there are 300 blue plastic chairs, which have proven to be very popular with visitors. So popular in fact that they are being mass produced for anyone to buy.

© Center for Architecture

© Center for Architecture

Franz then led us to the waterfront promenade, where she explained to us the different design phases of The Battery. After dire financial times of the 1970s and 1980s when New York’s parks were suffering from neglect, The Battery Conservancy was established to ensure the park was kept in good shape for all New Yorkers to use and enjoy. In 1982, Philip Winslow led the first major redesign of the park with the goal of putting the landscape first and getting rid of the broken landscapes designed during the Moses era.

© Center for Architecture

© Center for Architecture

The park is outlined with enormous 7,000-pound granite blocks, which serve as a demarcating line between the busy public streets and the quiet garden-like atmosphere of the park. Along the perimeter are various monuments to different people and events. QRP restored these monuments to their original design and placed them at the end of streets that terminate at The Battery. These are designed to help bring visitors into the park and capture their attention.

© Center for Architecture

© Center for Architecture

Walking along the bike path, Franz told us how integral it was in the design process. With safety for bikers and pedestrians in mind, QRP added visual cues for pedestrians that they are entering the bike path and wanted cyclists to be aware of those who might be in the path. There is granite striping on the paths and rumble strips to alert cyclists as well. Additionally, the path gets quite narrow in portions, which forces cyclists to slow down and be aware of their surroundings.

© Center for Architecture

© Center for Architecture

Along the bike path is The Battery woodland, which consists almost entirely of native grasses and plants. The vision is that this will resemble a meadow that Europeans might have found on Manhattan Island when they first arrived. This area does not need to be mowed and it does not use fertilizers or chemicals to maintain the trees and grasses.

© Center for Architecture

© Center for Architecture

We ended our tour at the Tiffany Gardens. These gardens also consist of native plants and are mounded, much like the oval. The mounding serves two valuable purposes. Firstly, since the subway tunnels are just inches below the park, the mounds provide enough soil for the plants to take root. Secondly, Franz explained that they create something called “conceal and reveal.” If the landscape is totally flat, a viewer can see the entire park and not be as enticed to enter. If a mound is partially blocking their view, they become interested in what lies beyond and enter to explore the area. The new SeaGlass Carousel designed by WXY is next to the Tiffany Gardens and across from the carousel is the last unfinished part of the park, which will be a playground, meant to encourage imaginative play for children of all ages. Amongst the hustle and bustle of the Financial District, The Battery offers a wonderful respite and it truly is one of New York’s most beautiful parks.

© Center for Architecture

© Center for Architecture

img_0762Jacob Fredi is the Public Programs and Exhibitions Coordinator at the Center for Architecture. When he’s not on Building of the Day tours, you can find him playing board games (Class Struggle!) and brewing his own beer.